With so much in the media on diet lately – paleo, 5:2, low GI, low carb/high protein, high carb/low protein, Atkins etc… How on earth are we supposed to know what to eat to prevent type 2 diabetes, or, more importantly what caused the problem to start with?
Sugar, fat, carbs, have all had their spot in the limelight, copping the blame for our health woes. But what does the evidence say?
It's not clear whether high fructose corn syrup or extra calories in the form of sucrose (table sugar) are the culprit. But, soft drinks are directly related to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and obesity. Often they are consumed as well as food and may add as many calories as the meal itself into your daily allowance.
Is It Just The Western Way?
Apart from sugary drinks, there is not a single food to blame for diabetes, but rather a whole way of life. Munching on a diet high in refined carbohydrates (white bread, sugary snacks and desserts), red meat, processed meat (sausages, burgers, and the like) and full fat dairy -increases the risk of developing diabetes by 60% – even without considering other risk factors like obesity. It’s thought the Western diet increases whole-body inflammation, which has been linked to insulin resistance- the precursor to type 2.
The challenge is always how do interpret all these studies that blame one food or another. There are literally dozens of studies that promote or blame almost every single food that we eat. That is clearly unlikely to be the case and we need to find a way to filter this enormous overload of studies saying 'this or that'. The trouble is they are right and wrong…
Please see the following articles for more information:
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